It is a small peninsula that covers an area of approximately 6.7 square kilometers and is dominated by the Rock of Gibraltar, a towering limestone formation that rises over 400 meters above sea level.
Gibraltar has a rich and varied history, having been inhabited by various peoples throughout the centuries, including the Phoenicians, Romans, Moors, and Spanish. It has been under British control since 1704 and is now a self-governing territory with its own parliament and government.
As a British territory, Gibraltar has a distinct culture and identity, but it is also influenced by its proximity to Spain and the wider Mediterranean region. It has a diverse population of around 34,000 people, with English and Spanish being the official languages. The economy is based on services such as finance, shipping, and tourism, with the famous Barbary macaques, the only wild monkeys in Europe, being a major tourist attraction.
First colonized by the Moors in the Middle Ages and later ruled by the Spanish, the territory was ceded to the British in 1713.
In the layers of fortifications, there are remains of a 14th-century Moorish castle and the Great Siege Tunnels, excavated in the 18th and expanded in World War II.